Category Archives: Spain

Oviedo Museum – Chapter 20

Actually we are back in the USA but I am going to publish some final blogs from our trip to Spain in July.

We took a bus to Ovieda and are in the Archialogical Museum close to the cathedral.

Here is a video showing Roman burial practices in Spain (first century, approximately).

Here are some stone grave markers.

I read Chapter 20 of the Tao te Ching, translated by Steven Mitchell:

“Stop thinking, and end your problems.
What difference between yes and no?
What difference between success and failure?”

We look at the Paleolithic (Stone Age) exhibits.


A Neanderthal

“Must you value what others value,
avoid what others avoid?
How ridiculous!”

I am interested in the cave art — Northern Spain has many, many caves. The cave art dates from, around 30,000 years ago.

We see enlargements of sections though to be particularly worthy — much of the work has been “drawn over” — as if the “doing” of the art was more important than looking at it.

“Other people are excited,
as though they were at a parade.”


Tomb of Medieval king

Above is an important family tree — specific men defeated the Moors and this area became a center of resistance and of re-conquest.

“I alone don’t care,
I alone am expressionless,
like an infant before it can smile.”


“Other people have what they need;
I alone possess nothing.
I alone drift about,
like someone without a home.”

“I am like an idiot, my mind is so empty.

Other people are bright;
I alone am dark.
Other people are sharper;
I alone am dull.
Other people have a purpose;
I alone don’t know.
I drift like a wave on the ocean,
I blow as aimless as the wind.”

“I am different from ordinary people.
I drink from the Great Mother’s breasts.”

Gijón – Chapter 19

We took the train to Ribadeo where we ride bicycles around the town.

Something unusual.

Our lodging was on the Camino Norte pilgrim route (the coastal route to Santiago which turns inland at Ribadeo). We follow, on foot, the shell markings for a while. We see a sign advertising our lodging.

The next day, we take the train to Gijón. The route runs along the coast, an area with tidal rivers and views of the ocean.

We pass through the town of  Luarca.

I read chapter 19 of the Tso te Ching:

“Throw away holiness and wisdom,
and people will be a hundred times happier.”

[Lao tsu does not advocate religious belief or specialized expertise. He suggests paying attention to reality and the present moment.]

We arrive in Gijón and walk on the route by the ocean.

“Throw away morality and justice,
and people will do the right thing.”

[Lao tsu urges total simplicity — and sometimes he offers advice to political officials. I suggest thinking of his text as pertaining to self-direction with regard to meditation. Let go of concerns about right and wrong and focus on your breath. People often hold stories about someone doing something wrong or harmful and this becomes a theme in their life. These thoughts can rob you of your happiness.  Let go of such stories by practicing meditation.]

“Throw away industry and profit,
and there won’t be any thieves.”

[I offer no suggestions about politics, religious doctrines, or economic theory.  The Inner Way involves meditation. By meditating, you can let go of your thoughts and experience the result.]

We see the famous monument.

“If these three aren’t enough,
just stay at the center of the circle
and let all things take their course.”

We visit the art museum.

Most people are powerfully affected by those around them.


You were affected by the stories you were told you when you were young.

We harbor attitudes toward technology — technological change has unforeseen impacts and people’s occupations are affected.

The painting is a Medieval portrayal of a demon causing the plague. People create stories to explain their experiences.

Joseph and the Christ child. Many people’s self-stories involve their childhood. What did Mary and Joseph tell Jesus about his parentage? There was a powerful stigma regarding illegitimacy.

Adam and Eve — a story thought to explain sin. God prohibited eating the fruit of knowledge regarding good and evil and Adam and Eve violated this prohibition. If they had no understanding of good and evil, why was their behavior regarded as wrong? Why did God lack empathy?

Cain and Abel preparing their sacrificial fires. Cain’s fire is not burning that well — his sacrifice was not considered as good as Abel’s sacrifice.  Of course, this resulted in bad feelings — and ultimately, Cain killed Able — so things did not work out for either of them. The sacrificial fire method of worship did not work very well.  You need to figure out what methods will work for you.

Famous artwork — copper — people at the fish market.

A wide variety of people — many fish.

All are at this place because of the fish.

We walk by the beach.

Lao tsu suggests giving up holiness/wisdom, morality/justice, industry/profits. Are these things enough for you?

You don’t have to become a weird hermit who dwells continually within the shadow world of spirits and ghosts. You can become happier by meditating each day — letting go of the dysfunctional stories you devised to cope with your difficulties. Then you can perceive the peaceful center within.

A Coruña – Chapter 17


We took the train to A Coruña and are in a hotel close to the ocean (Eurostars Cuidad de la Coruña).

This is the view from our fifth floor window– you have to pay extra for the view but we just completed our 1000 kilometer walk so we are rewarding ourselves.)

We walk on a trail behind our hotel and look back at where we are staying.

We pass by sculptures and artwork.

We walk toward the Tower of Hercules — the old Roman lighthouse refurbished and currently  in operation.

The view from the top.

I read Chapter 17 of the Tao te Ching:

“When the Master governs, the people
are hardly aware that he exists.
Next best is a leader who is loved.
Next, one who is feared.
The worst is one who is despised.”

[This is another of Lao tsu’s “political” chapters — we will consider how his discussion might be useful on a psychological level.]

Views from our our hotel window — always changing but, like your self-concept, always similar.

We are in the Plaza Maria Pita. In 1589, Maria Pita was assisting her husband, a captain defending the city from English attack. He was killed by a crossbow bolt as the English assaulted the city walls. Maria Pita then killed an English soldier at the highest part of the wall. “Whoever has honor, follow me!” she shouted. The English assault was then repelled and the English abandoned their siege and returned to their ships.

“If you don’t trust the people,
you make them untrustworthy.”

[Can you trust yourself? People with addictions cannot trust themselves. People with negative, recurring patterns of behavior should seek to change themselves.]

We follow a procession past the Church of Santiago.

We look inside the church. I pray that you come into harmony with your inner self.

We watch the procession pass.

“The Master doesn’t talk, he acts.”

[If you are facing sadness, anxiety, depression, PTSD — think about what you need to do besides focusing on the problem. Figure out a self-help plan.]

The next day, we walk on the trail past the lighthouse. We are going to the Finnisterre Aquarium.

“When his work is done,
the people say, “Amazing:
we did it, all by ourselves!”

We watch the fish.

We see a shark.

[Lao tsu’s concept of “doing nothing” is held up as a logical method for rulers — but within nature, the big fish eat the little fish. If you are a little fish, you must watch out — your anxiety may not be completely useful but awareness of reality is required. Put together a plan that involves self understanding.]

We visit the military museum and see a diagram of the forces arrayed for the battle between French and British troops on January 16, 1809. The Peninsular War (1807-1814) involved Napoleon’s Empire and Spain, Britain, and Portugal. France destroyed the ability of Spain to fight and, in 1809, British Lt. Gen. John Moore sought to withdraw his troops and return to England.

The ships sent to aid him did not arrive in time and the French attacked. The soldiers lined up and fired on each other (about 20,000 French vs. 15,000 British). After hundreds were killed, the French attack was repelled, allowing the British to escape and board their ships.  General Moore was mortally wounded but lived to be informed that his battle plan had been successful.

It is strange to think about the hundreds who died on this day. This was not a particularly meaningful event — if the French had not attacked, the British would have withdrawn without a battle. This battle was similar to some I experienced in Vietnam — meaningless events — outcomes without resolution.  What is the use of it?

Traumatic events are harmful psychologically but recovery is possible through meditation.

We see a portrayal of the Roman lighthouse before it was repaired in the 1700s. When left alone, the light house deteriorated.

These flowers are called Angels Trumpets.

A different color


The museum contains a medieval boat — very different from those in the harbor.

Lao tsu did not advocate technological change since “progress” is not always psychologically healthy.

Be aware of this possibility — playing with your iPads and cell phones may not lead to happiness.

People who want to come into harmony with themselves must ponder self-change.

“Doing nothing” can be a symptom of depression. Lao tsu’s prescription of “doing nothing” refers to a special state of mind. Don’t be lazy. Seek the Inner Way.

The Inner Way involves meditation, a focusing of the mind. If you wish to develop this skill — which can lead to inner peace and happiness — you need to apply yourself. Practice!

Santiago Cathedral – Chapter 15


We attend the Pilgrim’s Mass at Santiago Cathedral.

After the mass is complete, the officials swing the Botafumeiro (incence burner) from the central nave. The largest Botafumeiro in the world remains idle but the regular-sized one is used for everyday services.

The Botafumeiro is launched. It’s original function was to carry the prayers of the faithful to heaven while masking the smell of the unwashed pilgrims who had walked in from all over Europe.

After the song is complete, the Botafumeiro is brought to rest.

It is secured above the cathedral floor.

We return in the evening to attend a second mass, standing in position to watch the Botameiro as it swings side to side (this video takes 3.5 minutes).

I read Chapter 15 of the Tao te Ching:

“The ancient Masters were profound and subtle.
Their wisdom was unfathomable.”

The Baroque Main Altar dates from the 17th century. St. James, the Pilgrim, on it peak, holds a staff in his right hand, with King Alfonso II and King Ramiro III at his sides. Below is a statue of St. James sitting. Pilgrims are permitted to walk through a passage behind the altar and reach around and hug him!

Karen hugs the Saint.

We visit the saint’s relics — stored in a passageway under the cathedral.

During a less busy time, I approach the altar to meditate.

The altar

In front, hangs the largest Botafumeiro  in the world. It weights 80 kg and has come crashing down on three occasions (without fatalities).


Angels on the altar

We walk counter-clockwise around the cathedral, capturing images .

I read from chapter 15:

“There is no way to describe it;
all we can describe is their appearance.”

“They were careful
as someone crossing an iced-over stream.”

Tomb, altar, ceiling

“Alert as a warrior in enemy territory.
Courteous as a guest.”

“Fluid as melting ice.
Shapable as a block of wood.”

St. James holds a scroll which states “I was sent by God” [to bring the Gospel to España].

“Receptive as a valley.
Clear as a glass of water.”


“Do you have the patience to wait
till your mud settles and the water is clear?”

“Can you remain unmoving
till the right action arises by itself?”


“The Master doesn’t seek fulfillment.
Not seeking, not expecting,
she is present, and can welcome all things.”

There is a dark side to the legend of St. James in Spain.  Within the Spanish tradition, St. James was an apostle of Jesus, a pilgrim who brought Christianity to Spain — but he later came as a vision in the sky to assist in conquering and driving out the Moors. He was thought to have appeared as an apparition during a battle and rallied the Christian troops to victory.


I will discuss the legend of St. James more fully when we visit the Cathedral museum and the Pilgrim’s Museum.

“Do you have the patience to wait
till your mud settles and the water is clear?”

Santiago Cathedral – Chapter 14

The image above shows the Santiago Cathedral before it was covered with scaffolding. During each of my three visits (2011, 2014, and now  2017), the cathedral has been “under repair” and this time, the main masterpiece, the Pórtico de la Gloria, is covered over — not available to tourists. It, and the main towers, are being restored.


Most pilgrims arrive from the north, taking what is known as the French Camino. They pass through the Praza da Immaculada.  The  cathedral has the form of a cross and this is the top, northern part. Above the double doors is a statue of  the Pilgrim Santiago with Kings Alfonso II of Asturias and Ordoño II of León, praying to him.

I read Chapter 14 of Lao tsu’s Tao te Ching (translated by Steven Mitchell):

“Look, and it can’t be seen.
Listen, and it can’t be heard.
Reach, and it can’t be grasped.”

[Lao tsu portrays the Tao as beyond imagination; Christianity includes many, many images — which can be seen, heard, grasped.]

Below Santiago are four figures and a blindfolded statue representing faith.

“Above, it isn’t bright.
Below, it isn’t dark.”

[There are elements within faith that are parallel to the Tao — faith has a hidden quality.]

Our experience during this visit was characterized by construction and repair work. These doors were open for the French pilgrims but there is major construction work going on.

“Seamless, unnamable,
it returns to the realm of nothing.”

[Christainity is filled with symbols — many names, ideas, images.]

Walking to the east, clockwise, we come to the Holy Door. Typically, it is closed. Above the door is a statue of St. James and his two disciples (Teodoro and Atanasio). To the left and right of the door are 24 carved figures of saints, apostles, and important religious figures (some of whom appear Asian). The Holy Door is open only on years when St. James’ Day, July 25th falls on Sunday. The exact identity of many of the images is unclear — specific objects have become connected to certain apostles and saints. St. James, for example, is often shown holding a pilgrim’s staff — reflecting his journey to Spain  (not historically documented but accepted by believers). St. James stands above the door and is not among the 24 figures.

On each side of the Holy Door are carvings by Maestro Mateo of saints, apostles, prophets, and Asian guys.


Walking to the south, we come to the Plaza das Praterias (Praterias are silversmiths, who used to have their shops here). This is the entrance for pilgrims, like us, who come from the south. There were also shops selling provisions for pilgrims.

“Form that includes all forms,
image without an image,
subtle, beyond all conception.”

[Lao tsu portrays the Tao as something that cannot be seen, heard, grasped, named — beyond conception. The cathedral functions as a kind of teaching tool — bringing the Christian stories into your awareness — but some elements have become obscure for modern listeners]

This plaza is often crowded — there are many tour groups visiting the cathedral.

“See the world as your self.
Have faith in the way things are.”

The cathedral doors in this plaza are surrounded by intricate artwork. On the left, are carvings showing the temptation of Jesus in the desert (note the monsters), on the rights is the “passion of Christ” (but I have not completely figured the exact meaning of many of these images)


“Love the world as your self;
then you can care for all things.”



Obscure images



We walk to the west and view the Praza do Obradoiro — the famous image on the 1, 2, and 5 cent Spanish coins — but, much is covered by scaffolding. I play with the sun.



We visited many times — sometimes walking from the north. We pass a beggar and listen to bagpipes.


When we visited the Museum, we looked down on the Plaza from a balcony passage.


The camera concludes by looking toward the Plaza de Praterias.


During the many times we walked through this Plaza, we saw many pilgrims arriving. Over 200,000 pilgrims walk the French Camino each year.



We leave the Plaza do Obradoiro,  walking south toward the Plaza das Praterias.

We enter — it is time for the Pilgrim’s Mass. You must come early if you want a seat.

Lestedo -Chapter 12


We are walking to Lestedo — where we will be 12 kilometers from Santiago. We leave early in the morning, hoping to avoid the intense heat of the day.


I read Chapter 12 from the Tao te Ching, translated by Steven Mitchell.

“Colors blind the eye.
Sounds deafen the ear.”



“Flavors numb the taste.
Thoughts weaken the mind.”



“Desires wither the heart.”



We see see a shrine, established by previous pilgrims.



The shrine is set within a living tree. People have left images and messages.


“The Master observes the world
but trusts his inner vision.”


I look at a fountain, the view, and an airplane.


“He allows things to come and go.
His heart is open as the sky.”



We are close to the Casa de Casal, where we will spend our last night as hikers — it is extremely hot.


Lao tsu expresses the motivation that stimulates the Inner Journey — the idea that something is wrong with normal reality.


We are close to completing our physical pilgrimage and I have the hope that my blog encourages you to follow a spiritual path. Some people will turn away from the physical realm while others will use it as a guide.

Physical shrines — special places for meditation — can be useful.

Here is something to ponder: Be cautious regarding your inner visions. Let go of all visions and encounter emptiness.

Santiago de Compostela – Chapter 13

We begin walking the final 8 miles to Santiago. We look towards the north, but the city is not in view (we had been told we might see it but the haze was too thick).


I read Chapter 13 of the Tao te Ching:

“Success is as dangerous as failure.
Hope is as hollow as fear.”

“What does it mean that success is a dangerous as failure?
Whether you go up the ladder or down it,
you position is shaky.”


“When you stand with your two feet on the ground,
you will always keep your balance.”


We continue walking toward the city — ahead are scattered houses, not the actual city.


We climb a hill, look back at some other pilgrims who are climbing, and look at a construction site.

“What does it mean that hope is as hollow as fear?
Hope and fear are both phantoms
that arise from thinking of the self.”


We walk on, entering the urban area.

“When we don’t see the self as self,
what do we have to fear?”


The marker shows that we have 2.26 kilometers to go before we reach the cathedral.

“See the world as your self.”



“Have faith in the way things are.”


“Love the world as your self;
then you can care for all things.”



We cross a bridge.

“Love the world as your self;
then you can care for all things.”

We reach the Cathedral of Santiago — the door associated with those coming from Portugal and Southern Spain.



We go to the Pilgrims office and stand in line. We will show the official our pilgrim credential with stamps that we received during our 1000 kilometer walk on the Via de la Plata.



I show my credentials with stamps for each location I have visited on this pilgrimage — beginning at Sevilla and now ending at Santiago.  Our hike was so long that we filled every space in the standard pilgrimage document so we used a blank page to display all later stamps.


I receive my Pilgrimage certificate  — I have walked 1007 kilometers. Next, we will go to the Pilgrim’s Mass at the cathedral.

We return to the cathedral.


The main altar — Santiago (St. James)

There is mystery involved in completing this pilgrimage and there is much to see regarding this cathedral. I will show many photographs and videos of these marvelous things and you will take another step toward your karmic destiny as a result of hearing about these things.

“Have faith in the way things are,” Lao tsu says. “Love the world as your self.”



Bandeira – Chapter 11



We walk to Bandeira, starting early in the morning, hoping to avoid the intense heat of the afternoon.



I read Chapter 11 of the Tao te Ching, written by Lao tsu, translated by Steven Mitchell:

“We join spokes together in a wheel,
but it is the center hole
that makes the wagon move.”



“We shape clay into a pot,
but it is the emptiness inside
that holds whatever we want.”






“We hammer wood for a house,
but it is the inner space
that makes it livable.”



We walk walk under a bridge.



“We work with being,
but non-being is what we use.”



water under the bridge






An old man and woman walk with their dog beside the church.




We drink coffee. Karen greets a passing pilgrim, saying, “Buen Camino.” [Good voyage.]



We walk on an overpass above the highway. The heat is intense.



Lao tsu’s poem draws attention to the use of emptiness. When you meditate, you will encounter moments when no thoughts come — when you encounter the inner emptiness.


the secret

A Laxe- Chapter 10



We walk from Castro Dozón to A Laxe.

We pass a house with sculptures — Santiago (St. James), a crucifix, gate ornaments.

I read Chapter 10 of the Tao te Ching, translated by Steven Mitchell:

“Can you coax your mind from its wandering
and keep to the original oneness?”


“Can you let your body become
supple as a newborn child’s?”



“Can you cleanse your inner vision
until you see nothing but the light?”



“Can you love people and lead them
without imposing your will?”

During recent weeks we have seen few fellow pilgrims but today we have encountered Spanish pilgrims who started off recently and are walking the final 100 kilometers to Santiago.

There are many bugs in this area.

“Can you deal with the most vital matters
by letting events take their course?”


We enter a deep hedgerow-road cut.

“Can you step back from you own mind
and thus understand all things?”


We see a mole, who seems anxious — he probably prefers to be underground.

“Giving birth and nourishing,
having without possessing,
acting with no expectations,
leading and not trying to control:
this is the supreme virtue.”


We walk in the hot sun. It is unpleasant to walk in the heat.

Lao tsu asks if you can do things that are difficult to do — having no expectations — not trying to control — not imposing your will. I don’t think that many people can do these things.

Follow your own Inner Way. Practice without concern regarding how well you are doing. The Inner Way is not a contest. Realize that there is nowhere to go, nothing to do. Everything will fall into place.